Are your gums sore or bleeding? Do you have crooked teeth and terrible breath? You could have periodontitis, a severe form of gum disease. You may have wondered, can periodontal disease be cured?
What is periodontitis?
Gingivitis is the early stage of gum disease in which harmful bacteria in the mouth produce gum inflammation. If left untreated, this progresses to periodontitis, a kind of gum disease that causes receding gums and affects the teeth and jaw. If periodontitis becomes aggressive or chronic, it can lead to tooth loss as well as bone and gum tissue deterioration. Because the risks of surgery are considerable for most severe forms of periodontal disease, early treatment is crucial for excellent dental health.
What causes periodontitis?
Your mouth bacteria are part of a collection of germs, including bacteria, viruses, and fungi, known as the oral microbiome. The oral microbiome in healthy people is generally in balance, with beneficial bacteria that can aid in infection prevention and immune system training. However, the oral microbiome can become imbalanced, which is referred to as oral microbiome dysbiosis.
Oral dysbiosis occurs when bad bacteria in your mouth outcompete healthy bacteria for resources, allowing them to penetrate your tissues and cause disease. Oral microbiome dysbiosis can also lead to other oral and dental health issues, such as tooth decay and oral thrush.
Most of these harmful bacteria are anaerobic, which means they survive in the absence of oxygen, allowing them to thrive in the crevices of your gums beneath your teeth. Bacterial growth in the pockets, also known as biofilm or dental plaque, creates a habitat for them.
As the bacteria penetrate further into these pockets, mechanical methods of oral care such as brushing and flossing become ineffective because they are unable to reach those spots to eliminate plaque buildup and biofilm.
If left untreated, the pockets deepen as bacteria cause additional tissue damage, leading to periodontal disease, which is permanent damage to your gums and teeth. It can even harm your jaw bone, which is necessary for tooth stability.
People who have other health problems, such as diabetes, are more likely to develop periodontal disease.
What are symptoms of periodontitis?
Is periodontal disease curable?
Periodontal disease cannot be cured. Gum disease in its early form of gingivitis can be cured, but periodontitis cannot because bacteria have already caused bone damage that cannot be restored. However, periodontal disease can be managed with the right oral care routine, and by maintaining a healthy oral microbiome.
How can you maintain a healthy oral microbiome with periodontal disease?
Periodontal disease symptoms can be alleviated, and disease can be prevented from progressing and worsening. Here are some natural methods for treating periodontal disease symptoms at home: